CORRECTION AND RETRACTION
Authentic errors are a part of science and publishing and require publication of a correction when they are detected. We expect authors to inform the journal’s Production Editor of any errors of fact they have noticed (or have been informed of) in their article once published. Corrections are made at the journal’s discretion.
Journal Editors have a duty to maintain the integrity of the scientific record. For this reason, minor corrections that do not affect the scientific contribution and understanding of the paper may be rejected if submitted post-publication in order to prevent inconsistencies downstream.
The correction procedure depends on the publication stage of the article, but in all circumstances, a correction notice is published as soon as possible:
Online First publication (publication-in-progress)
The Online First (publication- in-progress) version is considered the version of record and not an opportunity to make changes prior to final publication. The Journal will consider replacing this version with an updated version that corrects the error and notes the changes that have been made and the date(s) on which the changes were made (in a correction notice at the end of the article). Previous electronic versions prominently note that there are more recent versions of the article.
A correction notice will be published online and linked to the article.
The Journal may consider correcting the actual article online (XML and PDF), at the editor’s discretion. We will add a correction notice at the end to say what has been changed since it was first published and publish an erratum.
Journal editors consider retractions in cases of evidence of unreliable data or findings, plagiarism, duplicate publication, unethical research, and fake submissions using fictitious data ( i.e., fictional author profile, misleading personal data, and similar attempts). We may consider an expression of concern notice if an article is under investigation. All retraction notices explain why the article was retracted. The retraction procedure depends on the publication stage of the article:
Online First publication
A new version of the article will be posted containing just the metadata, with a retraction note replacing the original text. A retraction notice will also be published immediately. The original text will remain accessible.
Journal editors hold the right to place original text or withdraw it from the database in cases of evidence of fake submissions by fake author profiles. In rare cases, JOURNAL may have to remove the original content for legal reasons. In such cases, JOURNAL will leave the metadata (title and authors) and replace the text with a note saying the article has been removed for legal reasons. A retraction notice will also be published online.
A replacement version of the article will be posted containing just the metadata, with a retraction note replacing the original text. The PDF will be replaced with a version watermarked with “Retracted” but the original text will remain accessible. A retraction notice will be immediately published online.
Retraction notices are indexed and linked to the original records in Crossref.